Vector Borne Diseases

Get Complete Mains PDF Checkout Added to cart  Vector borne diseases Main vectors and diseases they transmit Vectors are living organisms that can transmit infectious diseases between humans or from animals to humans. Many of these vectors are bloodsucking insects, which ingest disease-producing microorganisms during a blood meal from an infected host (human … Read more

Food Safety And Microbial Standards, Food Quality Standards,

Get Complete Mains PDF Checkout Added to cart  Food safety and Microbial standards, Food quality standards Food safety-Indicators of food microbial Quality and safety-Coliforms, Enterococci, Bifidobacteria, Coliphages/Enteroviruses, predictive Microbiology/ Microbial modeling Microbial Standards of Processed and preserved Foods The Center for disease control (CDC) investigates each documented outbreak of food borne disease and … Read more

Composition And Function Of Blood

Get Complete Mains PDF Checkout Added to cart  composition and function of blood Blood makes up about 8% of the human body weight. It contains erythrocytes, leucocytes, thrombocytes (platelets) and plasma. The volume percentage of all blood cells in the whole blood is about 45% of adults (hematocrit). The rest consists of liquid … Read more

Types Of Respiration

Get Complete Mains PDF Checkout Added to cart  Types of respiration External Respiration One method for obtaining oxygen from the environment is through external respiration or breathing. In animal organisms, the process of external respiration is performed in a number of different ways. Animals that lack specialized organs for respiration rely on diffusion … Read more

Types Of Asexual Reproduction

Get Complete Mains PDF Checkout Added to cart  Types of Asexual Reproduction Spores Some protozoans and many bacteria, plants and fungi reproduce via spores. Spores are structures naturally grown as part of an organism’s life cycle and designed for separation from the organism and dispersal via a medium such as air or water. … Read more

Tuberculosis Programme

Get Complete Mains PDF Checkout Added to cart  Tuberculosis Programme TB was declared as a global health emergency in 1993. In the same year, India established the RNTCP as a small pilot project. This project was scaled up nationwide between 1998–2006. The overall vision of RNTCP is “A TB free India”—a situation in … Read more

Transport Of Water And Minerals In Plants And Animals

Get Complete Mains PDF Checkout Added to cart  Transport of water and minerals in plants and animals   Transport of water in plants The survival of plants is dependent on a number of factors which include water, minerals, gases, and nutrients they receive. The movement of gas, water, and nutrients in plants are … Read more

Structure Of Flower And Reproduction Process

Get Complete Mains PDF Checkout Added to cart  Structure of flower and reproduction process The Female Reproductive Organ: The Carpel The female parts of a flower consist of an ovary, which contains one or more ovules, a style and the stigma. The ovary is at the base of the flower.  From the ovary, … Read more

Structure And Function Of Human Brain And Spinal Cord

Get Complete Mains PDF Checkout Added to cart  Structure and function of human Brain and spinal cord The brain is a complex organ made up of specialized nerve and supportive tissues. It’s surrounded by many bones that together form the skull. The part of the skull where the brain sits is called the … Read more

Respiratory Quotient

Get Complete Mains PDF Checkout Added to cart  Respiratory quotient: Carbohydrates, fats and protein The respiratory quotient (or RQ or respiratory coefficient), is a dimensionless number used in calculations of basal metabolic rate (BMR) when estimated from carbon dioxide production. It is calculated from the ratio of carbon dioxide produced by the body … Read more

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