11.01.19 (MPPSC) Mdhya Pradesh Current Affairs



  • Madhya Pradesh History : Dhurwai State


  • Dhurwai was a princely state in India during the British Raj. It was one of the Hasht-Bhaiya Jagirs, under the Bundelkh& Agencyof British India. Its capital was the town of Dhurwai, with a population of 777 in 1901.


  • Today it is part of Jhansi District, in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Dhurwai was administered by the native ruler, who was addressed as Indian Prince by the British authoritie Dhurwai State was founded in the Bundelkh& region in 1812 by a descendant of the royal family of Orchha Diwan Rai Singh of Baragaon near Jhansi.


  • After Indian independence, on 1 January 1950, Dhurwai acceded to the Indian Union& was merged into the Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh with the other Hasht-Bhaiya Jagirs.





·         Fourth Edition of Raisina Dialogue held in New Delhi


  • Fourth Edition of Raisina Dialogue was organized by Ministry of External Affairs in partnership with Observer Research Foundation in New Delhi.
  • The Theme of the Dialogue was “A World Reorder: New Geometries; Fluid Partnerships; Uncertain Outcomes”.
  • The Raisina Dialogue whose first edition was held in 2015 is India’s flagship annual geopolitical and geostrategic conference.


Gk bit : Raisina Dialogue


  • Organized along the lines of the Shangri-La Dialogue held in Singapore, and co-hosted by the ministry of external affairs (MEA) and the Observer Research Foundation, it takes its name from the Raisina Hills, where India’s seat of power resides.
  • The Dialogue, since its inception, has attracted academics, scholars, researchers, students, journalists and even politicians who are either interested—or are working—in the field of international relations, geopolitics, security, nuclear issues and Indian foreign policy. That is evident with the fact that even the first edition of the dialogue involved about 120 international participants from 40 countries, while the second edition attracted 250 foreign participants from 65 countries.





·         GST exemption limit doubled to give relief to small businesses


  • Finance Minister Arun Jaitley raised the annual turnover for availing composition scheme to Rs 1.5 crore from Rs 1 crore effective from April 1, 2019, to provide relief to small businesses underGoods and Services (GST) regime.
  • TheGoods and Services (GST) exemption limit has been doubled to Rs. 40 lakh annual turnover and Rs 20 lakh for northeastern states.


List of Items Removed from 28%, 18% & 12% GST Slab

  • GST Rate Reduced from 28% to 18%


TVs and Monitor screen of up to32 inches screen size ● Pulleys, transmission shafts, and cranks, gearboxes etc., falling under HS Code 8483 Re-treaded or used pneumatic tires of rubber; ● Power banks having lithium ion batteries note that Lithium-ion batteries are currently at 18% ● Parts and accessories for the carriages for disabled persons ● Digital cameras and video camera recorders


  • GST Rate Reduced from 28% to 5%


Parts and accessories for the carriages for the disabled person


  • GST Rate Reduction on Other Goods (18% to 12%)


Cork roughly squared or debagged ● Articles of natural cork ● Agglomerated cork


  • GST Rate Reduction on Other Goods (18% to 5%)


Marble rubble


  • GST Rate Reduction on Other Goods (12% to 5%)


Natural Cork

Walking Stick

Fly ash Blocks


GST Rate Reduction on Other Goods (5% to 0%)


  • Vegetables in the state of uncooked or cooked by steaming or boiling in water while being frozen, branded and are in a unit container


  • Vegetable briefly preserved under the mixtures of sulfur dioxide gas, in brine, in sulfur water or in other preservative solutions but unsuitable in that state for immediate consumption.


  • GST on Solar Power Generating Plant and Other Renewable Energy Plants


Prescription of GST rate of 5% on renewable energy devices & parts for their manufacture (biogas plant/solar power based devices, solar power generating system (SGPS) etc) [falling under chapter 84, 85 or 94 of the Tariff] or other equipment being used in such plants attracting GST.


Clarification on certain items having 5% GST supplied along with construction services applicable to the solar power plants


  • GST Rate Reduction on Services


Services by banks to Basic Saving Bank Deposit (BSBD) account holder coming under Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)


Third party insurance premium of goods carrying vehicles down from 18% to 12%


Gk bit–  Composition scheme


  • Composition scheme is a convenient way for the small taxpayers in order to escape from too many GST formalities and pay the tax at a fixed rate based on their business turnover.
  • Under this scheme, a taxpayer will pay tax as a percentage of his/her turnover during the financial year without the benefit of Input Tax Credit. The floor rate of tax for CGSTand SGST shall not be less than 1%. A taxpayer opting for composition scheme will not collect any tax from his/her customers.
  • When the eligible taxpayer is opting for the Composition Scheme under GST, a taxpayer has to file a summarized returns on a quarterly basis, instead of three monthly returns (as is applicable for normal businesses).
  • Turnover must be below (from 1st April 2019)  1.5 Cr  (Rs. 75 Lakhs for North-Eastern States)


  • Applies only to the Intra-Statesupplies


Traders  will have to pay 1% tax.

Manufacturers will have to pay 2% tax.

Restaurant businesses will have to pay 5% tax.




·         India’s Mary Kom becomes world’s top woman boxer


  • Mary Kom, who had become the first ever woman boxer to win six world championship titles in November last year, has been ranked number one by the International Boxing Association (AIBA) in the light fly (45-48kg) category.
  • The 35-year-old tops her weight division with 1700 points.
  • Ukraine’s 22-year-old boxer Hanna Okhotais ranked second, with 1100 points.


·         Malala Yousafzai has written a new book titled We are Displaced


  • Malala Yousafzai,the Nobel Peace Prize winner and Pakistani activist, has written a new book, titled We are Displaced, charting her experiences travelling the world and visiting refugee camps. Publishers Weidenfeld & Nicolson and Hachette India said that her travels through the refugee camps led her to reconsider her own displacement.
  • In We are Displaced, Malala not only explores her own story of adjusting to a new life while longing for home, but she also shares the personal stories of some of the incredible girls she has met on her various journeys, girls who have lost their community, relatives and often the only world they’ve ever known.
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