10.07.19 Madhya Pradesh (MPPCS) Daily Current Affairs

MADHYA PRADESH

 

  • MP’s economic survey exposes the BIMARU riddance

 

  • The economic survey of Madhya Pradesh 2018-19 paints very poor picture of the state in important indices like health, education and poverty exposing again the claims of the erstwhile government that the Madhya Pradesh was a developed state and did not come under the BIMARU bracket.
  • In poverty, the state stands at 27th rank in 29 states, in malnutrition of children it again stands at 27th place while in education MP stood at 23rd place. “Poverty eradication is the biggest challenge for MP, ” the survey tabled in Vidhan Sabha a day before the annual budget observed.

 

 

  • Quoting the national family health survey, the economic survey said, “42% children less than the age of 5 are stunted, 25.8% children are wasted and 42.8% children are under-weight. The situation of malnutrition among the children is extremely disturbing.” Following the monitoring of the sustainable development goals, the NITI ayog said MP stands 3rd from the bottom – 27th in the list of 29 states.” It is only better than Bihar and Jharkhand in the hunger index, the survey said.
  • “The major challenge is to bring the situation of nutrition at par with the national average with the help of policy change, intervention in the programmes and community participation,” the survey observed.
  • Regarding the education, the economic survey said,“the yawning gap of literacy rate of national average of 52.2% and that of the state average of 44.7% in 1999 was bridged in 2001 when the national and state rates stood at 64.8% and 63.7% respectively. But today the state stands at 23rd position in the list of 29 states in the literacy rate, the survey said.
  • “In 2011 census the averages of the state and the national stood at 73% and 69.3%. But the 10-year increase in the literacy rate was not according to expectations from 2001 to 2011. This has happened because of low enrolment in primary school. In the year 2015-16, the enrolment was again very low at 78.9% against 87.3% of the national average.

 

  • However, the good news is that drop out rate has gone down in 2017-18 as compared to 2016-17. In primary school, the drop out rate went down from 5.10% (2016-17) to 4.63% (2017-18) while in the middle level schooling, it went down from 6.55% to 6.87% in the same period of time.
    Referring to poverty rates, the survey report said the state has 31.65% poor in 2017-18 as compared to 21.92% national average. Niti ayog puts MP at 27th rank in the list of 29 states after Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, the maximum number of poor – 2.34 crore – live below the poverty line.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

  • Iran exceeds Uranium enrichment limit set under 2015 nuclear deal

 

  • Iran has breached a uranium enrichment cap set by a troubled 2015 nuclear deal and warned Europe against taking retaliatory measures.

 

  • Iran has officially surpassed the 3.67 per cent Uranium enrichment limit set under the 2015 nuclear deal.

 

  • The country had stopped complying with some elements of the 2015 nuclear deal (officially called Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action).

 

  • Signed by China, France, Germany, European Union, Iran, Russia, the UK and the US, the JCPoA treaty was aimed at limiting Iran’s civilian energy programme.

 

 

NATIONAL

  • MoFCC launched Immunocontraception Project

 

  • Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) launched a project for undertaking ‘immunocontraceptive measures’
  • It is used for population management of 4 species of wild animals namely Elephant, Wild boar, Monkeys and Blue Bull (Nilgai).
  • Human-elephant caused the maximum number of casualties.
  • Between 2014 and March 2019, around 2,398 people died in an elephant attack in the country.
  • West Bengal has a maximum number of such deaths.

 

  • It is a birth control method that uses the body’s immune response to prevent pregnancy.

 

  • It is a technology that uses a female animal’s immune system to build a protein around the egg that prevents it from fertilizing.

 

  • The Pilot project will begin in Uttarakhand.

 

  • It is implemented in the rest of the country.

 

  • The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) and the National Institute of Immunology (NII) are the bodies involved to develop a protocol of immunocontraception.

 

  • Two new heavy-lift Chinook helicopters for IAF arrived at the Mundra port, Gujarat

 

  • American aerospace company confirmed about the arrival of 2 new heavy-lift CH-47F (I) Chinookshelicopters for the Indian Air Force (IAF).
  • It is at the Mundra port in Gujarat.
  • They will provide IAF an unmatched strategic airlift capability.
  • IAF ordered 15 Chinooks along with 22 Apache attack helicopters.
  • The first 4 Chinooks received in February, 2019.
  • The CH-47 Chinook, advanced multi-mission helicopter unsurpassed ability to deliver heavy payloads to high altitudes.
  • It is suitable for operations in the high Himalayas.

 

  • Unique Disability Identity Cards (UDID)

 

  • The Unique Disability Identity Cards (UDID) for persons with disabilities, announced in 2015, are proving to be a long wait often stretching for years for hundreds of applicants.

 

  • With the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 expanding the types of disabilities from 7 to 21, state UDID departments are struggling with the logistics of identifying and quantifying disabilities for issuance of the cards.
    According to the 2011 census, which happened before the expansion in the definition of disability, there were 2.7 crore disabled.

 

  • Though announced in 2015, the UDID scheme was launched in phases and finally covered all states just last year. At the current rate of expansion, it could take more than a decade for all persons with disabilities to get the UDID

 

  • Rs 3 lakh crore private power investment at risk as discoms delay payments

 

  • As much as Rs 3 lakh crore of investment in a dozen power plants of the private sector is at risk of turning into NPA as states buying power have not been making payment for months.

 

  • According to data available on the PRAAPTI portal of the Ministry of Power, 12 power generating companies belonging to firms such as GMR and Adani Group and public sector generators like NTPC have about Rs 41,730 crore outstanding from state distribution companies (discoms) as of December 2018.

 

  • According to PRAAPTI portal, Uttar Pradesh takes 544 days to clear its dues while Maharashtra takes 580 days.

 

  • More than 80 per cent of the outstanding is accounted for by India’s most industrialised states such as Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu who are biggest consumers of electricity. The top-10 states take an average of 562 days for payments.

 

  • A recent World Bank study reviewing the power sector’s performance points to challenges such as outstanding payments of generating companies pending with discoms.
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