25.11.21 Daily MPPSC Current affairs

MADHYA PRADESH

Urja Saksharta Abhiyan to be launched in State

The State Cabinet decided that ‘Urja Saksharta Abhiyan’ would be launched in the State to make all the citizens energy literate. Through the campaign, the citizens of the state will be given information about energy saving.

Efforts will be made to make all the citizens of the state energy literate according to a time bound action plan under the Urja Saksharta Abhiyan. The activities to be included in this campaign are to develop an understanding of the expenditure and dissipation of energy in the general public, to give information about traditional and alternative sources of energy and to create an understanding of their impact on the environment, meaningful dialogue about the use of energy, energy conservation and management, to create the ability to make decisions for efficient use of energy based on its awareness, understanding of the effects, consequences of energy consumption, mitigating the environmental risks and negative impact of climate change and enabling the selection of different energy technologies.

Taking a step towards tackling the effects of global warming and climate change, the state government is starting an ‘Urja Saksharta Abhiyan’. Through this unique campaign, the students of schools and colleges and the general public will be given information about energy and energy saving. The campaign will be implemented in the form of a mission.

The Cabinet has approved the decision of  the state government to give guarantee to Project development by the state government’ – one of the major factors for the competitiveness and minimum tariff received in the tender issued for more than 10 times the total capacity of 1500 MW of Agar-Shajapur-Neemuch Solar Park. Due to this the lowest solar tariff has been achieved in the country. The guarantee of the state government has resulted in several benefits. The project development got loans at low interest rates due to payment security.

Renewable energy capacity of about 5100 MW capacity has been established in the state till September 2021. It has solar power capacity of 2432 MW and wind power capacity of 2444 MW. About 21 percent of the total power supply available in Madhya Pradesh comes from renewable energy.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

NASA’s Laser Communications Relay Demonstration (LCRD)

 

NASA is set to test a “Laser Communications Relay Demonstration (LCRD) technology” in space, with the aim of speeding up space communications.

 

The LCRD will be launched on December 4, following a two-year delay.

It will be launched into space by Department of Defence, onboard United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket during Space Test Program Satellite-6 (STPSat-6) mission.

Mission will be launched from Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida.

 

It will benefit “Artemis manned Moon-landing mission”, which is scheduled to be executed in 2025.

 

The laser technology mission will travel to the geosynchronous orbit at 22,236 miles, but won’t reach the moon. The test will be conducted for a period of at least two years.

 

NATIONAL

 

Atal Tinkering Labs & Engage with Science to collaborate for perennial activities – Highlights

 

Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), a flagship initiative of NITI Aayog announced to collaborate with Vigyan Prasar which is an autonomous organization of the Department of Science & Technology, to drive synergies between Atal Tinkering Labs (ATL) of AIM and ‘Engage With Science (EWS)’ of Vigyan Prasar.

 

As a part of collaboration, ‘Engage with Science’ will onboard all the ATL-enabled schools and engage their principals, teachers & students in perennial activities.

These activities will help in accumulating points on the basis of which, incentives and certificates will be provided to motivate students and teachers regarding STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) content consumption.

Atal Tinkering Laboratories (ATLs)

 

Atal Innovation Mission has set up more than 9200+ Atal Tinkering Laboratories across schools in India, with an objective of ‘cultivating one Million children in India as Neoteric Innovators’.

ATLs were set up with the aim of fostering curiosity, creativity, and imagination in young minds as well as inculcating skills like computational thinking, design mindset, physical computing and adaptive learning, etc.

ATL is a workspace where young minds learn skills through hands on ‘do-it-yourself mode’ and give shape to their ideas.

Children get a chance to work on tools and equipment in order to understand the concepts of STEM.

Personal data Bill adopted by JPC

 

The Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) on “Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019” met recently under the leadership of MP PP Chaudhary.

 

Key agenda of the meeting was to consider and adopt the draft report of JPC on the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019.

 

The bill deals with privacy and security of citizen’s personal data.

 

Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 was drafted following a Supreme Court ruling in August 2017, that declared ‘Right to Privacy’ a fundamental right.

 

Cabinet had approved the Bill in December 2019.

It aims to provide for protection of privacy of individuals related to their personal data.

 

It also seeks to specify the flow & usage of personal data and create a relationship of trust between entities and persons processing the personal data.

‘Health Care Equity in Urban India’ Report- Highlights

 

Azim Premji University recently published a report on “Health Care Equity in Urban India” in collaboration with 17 regional NGOs in India.

 

Report explores health vulnerabilities and inequalities in cities across India.

 

It also explores the availability, accessibility and cost of healthcare facilities, as well as possibilities in future-proofing services in next decade.

Report highlights that, Life expectancy among the poorest is lower by 9.1 years among men and 6.2 years among women as against richest in urban areas.

 

One third of India’s people are now living in urban areas. This segment is observing a rapid growth from about 18% in 1960 to 28.53% in 2001 and reaching to 34% in 2019.

Around 30% of people living in urban areas are poor.

It also finds a heavy financial burden on poor, and less investment by urban local bodies in healthcare.

 

The report draws insights from data collected after detailed interactions with civil society organisations across cities and towns in Mumbai, Bengaluru, Lucknow, Surat, Ranchi, Guwahati, and Delhi.

Data further include an analysis of ‘National Family & Health Surveys (NFHS)’, input from State-level health officials in health care provision and Census of India.

This report finds disproportionate disease burden on poor and also pointed towards a chaotic urban health governance.

 

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