Madhya Pradesh notifies PESA Rules on the occasion of Janjatiya Gaurav Divas
Madhya Pradesh has notified its PESA Rules on the occasion of Janjatiya Gaurav Divas on 15th November, 2022. At the State Level Janjatiya Gaurav Divas Sammelan at Shahdol in Madhya Pradesh, Governor of Madhya Pradesh Shri Mangubhai Patel handed over the first copy of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act (PESA Act) Manual to the President of India Smt. DroupadiMurmu.
The PESA Act, now under implementation in Madhya Pradesh, will empower the Gram Sabhas to take decision on the rules and regulations with regard to all natural resources in the forest areas. The PESA Act will give more constitutional rights to the tribal people to reap the benefits of natural resources from the forest areas where they live.
With the objective of effective implementation of PESA, Ministry of Panchayati Raj circulated Draft Model PESA Rules in 2009. Based on continuous advocacy and persuasion by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj eight States namely; Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Telangana have notified their State PESA Rules under their respective State Panchayati Raj Acts. Recently, State of Chhattisgarh has notified their PESA Rules on 8th August, 2022. In the States of Jharkhand and Odisha the process of inter-Departmental consultation is still in progress.
To bring the people residing in Fifth Schedule Areas in the mainstream, the Parliament, in terms of Article 243M(4)(b) of the Constitution, has enacted “the Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996” (PESA) to extend Part IX of the Constitution, relating to Panchayats, to the Fifth Schedule areas, with certain modifications and exceptions. States, having Fifth Schedule Areas, have been empowered to make Panchayat Laws for these areas.
Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC)
Mangroves are one of the most productive ecosystems of the world. This tidal forest serves as a nursery ground for several organisms, protects the coastal erosion, sequestering the carbon and providing livelihood for millions of people besides harbouring array of faunal elements in its habitat.
Mangroves are distributed in the tropical and sub-tropical region of the world and are found in 123 countries.
Mangroves are among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics. They account for 3% of carbon sequestered by the world’s tropical forests.
Mangroves are the economic foundations of many tropical coastal regions. To sustain the blue economy, it is imperative to ensure the sustainability of coastal habitats, particularly mangroves for tropical nations, at the local, regional, and international levels.
With notable adaptive features, mangroves are natural armed forces of tropical and subtropical nations. They are the best option to fight against climate change consequences like sea levels rise and increasing frequency of natural calamities like cyclones and storm surges.
India has committed in its NDC – to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
7 new airports in 8 years: Aviation brings the Northeast close to rest of India, puts it on the world map
Aerial connectivity in the Northeast has got a major boost with Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurating the first Greenfield airport in Arunachal Pradesh — Donyi Polo Airport at Hollangi, Itanagar.
He had laid the foundation stone for this airport in February 2019 and state-run Airports Authority of India (AAI) completed the work in time despite Covid. While the region had nine operational airports till 2014, seven more have been built since then taking the number up to 16 with pans for many more in coming years.
Northeast India is one of the biggest beneficiaries of the government’s ambitious UDAN-regional connectivity scheme with several routes awarded for the region.
“Airports in five northeastern states, namely, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland have seen flights take off for the first time in 75 years. Aircraft movement in the North-East has also witnessed an increase of 113% since 2014, from 852 per week in 2014 to 1817 per week in 2022.
Airports in five northeastern states — Mizoram, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland — have seen flights take off for the first time in 75 years.
States’ revenue via stamp duty, registration up 35%
State governments’ revenue through stamp duty (SD) and registration charges (RC) touched Rs 94,847 crore in H1FY23, showing a rise of 35% against the same period of the last financial year.
According to a study by MotilalOswal Financial Services, average monthly revenue collection in H1 of 2022-23 was Rs 15,807 crore as compared to Rs 11,687 crore in the same period of 202122.
Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu led the revenue collection, accounting for more than 40% of the total income generated. The surge in revenue is attributedlargely to revival of residential real estate sector since Covid. Property consultants indicated sales of housing units have shot up across metros and housing finance companies said demand for home loans in tier-2 and -3 cities and towns surged in past two quarters of this fiscal.
Only Bihar witnessed anegative growth of -73% to Rs 620 crore in the first half of 2022-23 compared to the same period of last fiscal.
India’s 1st privately built rocket set for suborbital launch with 3 payloads
India’s first privately developed rocket — Vikram-S — is undergoing final launch preparations at Isro’s launch pad in Sriharikota and is expected to be launched in a suborbital mission.
The mission is named ‘Prarambh’ — meaning ‘the beginning’. The rocket is developed by startup Skyroot Aerospace, which has the technical launch clearance from Space regulator IN-SPACe and is looking at a launch window between November 12 and 16.
Skyroot’s launch vehicles are named ‘Vikram’ as a tribute to the founder of the Indian Space programme Vikram Sarabhai.
Vikram-S is a single-stage sub-orbital launch vehicle which would carry three customer payloads and help test and validate the majority of the technologies in the Vikram series of space launch vehicles.
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