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Heredity and Evolution

Evolution, simply put, is descent with modification. This definition encompasses small-scale evolution (changes in gene frequency in a population from one generation to the next) and large-scale evolution (the descent of different species from a common ancestor over many generations). Evolution helps us to understand the history of life. Evolution is not simply a matter of change over time. Lots of things change over time: trees lose their leaves, mountain ranges rise and erode, but they aren’t examples of biological evolution because they don’t involve descent through genetic inheritance.  The central idea of biological evolution is that all life on ... Read more

Solid Waste Management

Solid Waste Management; Types of Solid waste Management; Factors affecting Solid Waste Generation Solid Waste Management Solid waste management is basic public services which every citizen should have access to, both for health and hygiene, and for ensuring a good quality of living. Sanitation here refers to toilet facilities, whereas solid waste management refers to the management collection and disposal of solid waste (as opposed to liquid waste). The image of a city as being clean and free of waste, impacts its desirability for doing business by entrepreneurs and for future residents to live. Municipalities in India are responsible for ... Read more

Poverty and Unemployment

The World Bank defines poverty in absolute terms. The bank defines extreme poverty as living on less than US$1.90 per day> (PPP), and moderate poverty as less than $3.10 a day. Types of Poverty Absolute poverty measures poverty in relation to the amount of money necessary to meet basic needs such as food, clothing, and shelter. The concept of absolute poverty is not concerned with broader quality of life issues or with the overall level of inequality in society. The concept of absolute poverty is based on absolute norms for living (measured in terms of consumption expenditure) laid down according: ... Read more

Regional Imbalances and Migration

Regional imbalances and income inequalitiies in India: Steps taken by the Government to reduce it. Regional imbalance is the disparity in economic and social development of two regions. One region/city/area is stronger than another region/city/area. Regions develop when investments are made to set up industries, service sectors, educational institutions, health care facilities etc. Income inequality is the unequal distribution of household or individual income across the various participants in an economy. Income inequality is often presented as the percentage of income to a percentage of population. The problem of regional disparities is a global phenomenon and, for India, up to a great extent, an inheritance from the colonial past. For ... Read more

Urban issues, Urban development (social and economic infrastructure) and Housing for Low Income Groups. 

  Urban issues, Urban development (social and economic infrastructure) and Housing for Low Income Groups.    Urbanization is the growth in population residing in urban areas, due to both growth in population of current residents and net migration into urban areas. It also encompasses a transformation of the erstwhile rural areas into ‘urban’ areas through changes in population density and the employment profile from a primarily agrarian and agro-based employment to non-agriculture based employment. In terms of all the basic human development parameters, urban areas stand out as significantly different from rural belts, both in the provisioning of services essential ... Read more

Human Rights Commission

  Establishment of Human Right Commission The National Human Rights Commission is a statutory (and not a constitutional) body. It was established in 1993 under a legislation enacted by the Parliament, namely, the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. This Act was amended in 2006. The commission is the watchdog of human rights in the country, that is, the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the international covenants and enforceable by courts in India. The specific objectives of the establishment of the commission are : To strengthen the ... Read more

Union Public Service Commissions-UPSC

Union Public Service Commissions Public Service Commissions for the Union as per Article-315 Subject to the provisions of this article, there shall be a Public Service Commission for the Union Any such law as aforesaid may contain such incidental and consequential provisions as may be necessary or desirable for giving effect to the purposes of the law. The Public Service Commission for the Union, if requested so to do by the Governor of a State, may, with the approval of the President, agree to serve all or any of the needs of the State. References in this Constitution to the ... Read more

United Nations and its specialized agencies

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization established on 24 October 1945 to promote international cooperation. It was founded to replace the League of Nations following World War II and to prevent another conflict. When it was founded, the UN had 51 Member States; there are now 193. Most nations are members of the UN and send diplomats to the headquarters to hold meetings and make decisions about global issues.   The UN system is based on five principal organs: The General Assembly, The Security Council, The International Court of Justice. The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), and A sixth principal organ, the Trusteeship Council, suspended operations in 1994   Four of the five principal organs are ... Read more

29.05.18 (MPPCS) Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs

MADHYA PRADESH All districts will now have one-stop centres for women in distress   One-stop centres will be established in the remaining 25 districts of the State to make all essential assistance available under one roof to violence-hit women and girls. With this decision of the Government of India, now one stop centres will be established in all 51 districts. Police assistance, medical, legal assistance, psychological comfort and social counselling are made available to these women and girls affected by any kind of violence at the one stop centre.   One stop centres were approved for 18 districts in 2016-17 ... Read more

27-28.05.18 (MPPCS) Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs

MADHYA PRADESH   Mp records highest temp across country   Madhya Pradesh recorded the highest day temperature across the country on Monday after Khajuraho reached 48.6 degree Celsius and broke three-decade old record of 48.3 degree Celsius which was reported on May 26, 1988 in Khajuraho.   Recording the highest day temperature of the country day temperatures reached 49 degree Celsius on the first day of the week which was the highest of the season at 48.6 degree Celsius in Khajuraho.   On May 26, 1988 the day temperature was recorded at 48.3 degree Celsius in Khajuraho.   The thundery ... Read more