MPPSC Mains New Syllabus Paper 3

Energy maintenance

Energy maintenance As engineering and maintenance managers are aware, all building systems and components need some level of maintenance, and renewable-energy systems are no exception to this rule. The specific maintenance requirements vary based on the type of system and components installed. For all renewable-energy systems, it is proper maintenance practice to inspect the integrity of mechanical and electrical connections at least once each year. Corroded or loose connections can result in decreased performance, and in extreme cases, they can create safety hazards. Solar hot-water systems require periodic inspection of the panels for leaks, damage, and even build-up of dirt ... Read more

Energy production planning and control

Energy production planning and control Over the last decades, the production planning process of factories had to take more and more additional production factors into consideration. In the past, production factors like work force, machine capacity and material were focused  on meeting the main production goals, namely time, cost and quality . Due to the changes in the energy market, the resource energy has developed steadily from an unlimited resource to an indispensable production factor. The production planning and control of a factory is usually supported by computer-based systems. These systems ensure an effective and efficient production process by the ... Read more

Energy Purchase

Energy Purchase A Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) secures the payment stream for a Build-Own Transfer (BOT) or concession project for an independent power plant (IPP). It is between the purchaser “offtaker” (often a state-owned electricity utility) and a privately owned power producer. The PPA outlined here is not appropriate for electricity sold on the world spot markets . This summary is focused on a base load thermal plant (the issues would differ slightly for mid-range or peaking thermal or hydro plants). Where a government agency enters into an arrangement for a private power company to establish a power plant and ... Read more

Energy Management in Operational Functions

Energy Management in Operational Functions Energy is an integral part of today‟s modern life. It has become the blood of our day to day life. But it is not free. It comes at a monetary price but more than that it comes at environment cost too. It is very difficult to think about our modern life without energy. But the generation of energy requires natural resources which are depleting day by day. On the other side, use of energy is increasing exponentially. In developing nation like India, about 49% of total commercial energy is consumed in industries and utilities like ... Read more

Organizational integration in energy

Organizational integration in energy Many organizations use a siloed approach toward energy management. One department manages contracts. Another may work toward reducing usage, while another is tasked with accomplishing sustainability goals. There is no cohesive strategy for buying, managing and monitoring energy.  That’s what integrated energy management is all about—having a unified view of your organization’s energy and a plan for using it as efficiently as possible. It’s using a holistic approach to address all aspects of energy usage, from purchasing electricity to measuring the return on investment (ROI) of renewable energy projects. Integrated energy management is more than a ... Read more

Energy Management

Energy Management When it comes to energy saving, energy management is the process of monitoring, controlling, and conserving energy in a building or organization. Typically this involves the following steps: Metering your energy consumption and collecting the data. Finding opportunities to save energy, and estimating how much energy each opportunity could save. You would typically analyze your meter data to find and quantify routine energy waste, and you might also investigate the energy savings that you could make by replacing equipment (e.g. lighting) or by upgrading your building’s insulation. Taking action to target the opportunities to save energy (i.e. tackling ... Read more

Energy Efficiency

Energy Efficiency Energy efficiency, means using less energy to provide the same level of energy. It is therefore one method to reduce human greenhouse gas emissions.  For example if a house is insulated, less energy is used in heating and cooling to achieve a satisfactory temperature. Another example is installing fluorescent lights or skylights, instead of incandescent lights, to attain the same level of illumination. Efficient energy use is achieved primarily by means of a more efficient technology or process. Energy efficient buildings, industrial processes and transportation could reduce the world’s energy needs in 2050 by one third, and help ... Read more

Constitutional provisions related to Environment and its Protection

Constitutional provisions related to Environment and its Protection The protection and improvement of environment is a constitutional mandate. It is a commitment for a country wedded to the ideas of a welfare State. The Indian Constitution contains specific provisions for environment protection under the chapters of Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties. The absence of a specific provision in the Constitution recognizing the fundamental right to clean and wholesome environment has been set off by judicial activism in the recent times. Articles 48-A and 51-A. Clause (g) Initially, the Constitution of India had no direct provision for environmental ... Read more

National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC), Hyderabad

National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC), Hyderabad National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) at Hyderabad is responsible for remote sensing satellite data acquisition and processing, data dissemination, aerial remote sensing and decision support for disaster management. NRSC has a data reception station at Shadnagar near Hyderabad for acquiring data from Indian remote sensing satellites as well as others.  NRSC Ground station at Shadnagar acquires Earth Observation data from Indian remote-sensing satellites as well as from different foreign satellites. NRSC is also engaged in executing remote sensing application projects in collaboration with the users. The Aerial Services and Digital Mapping (ASDM) Area provides ... Read more

Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Dehradoon

Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Dehradoon Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS) under Indian Space Research Organisation, Department of Space, Govt. of India is a premier Training and Educational Institute set up for developing trained professionals in the field of Remote Sensing, Geoinformatics and GPS Technology for Natural Resources, Environmental and Disaster Management. It functions as a constituent Unit of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Department of Space, Government of India. Formerly known as Indian Photo-interpretation Institute (IPI), founded in 1966, the Institute boasts to be the first of its kind in entire South-East Asia. While nurturing its primary ... Read more