Horticulture in Madhya Pradesh

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Horticulture in Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is producing about 19.77 m MT of horticulture produce from an area of 1.20 m ha. and accounts for 7.1% of total horticulture production of the country. The major share of horticulture produce is from vegetables (65.8%) and fruits (28.8%).

  • During 2013-14, 2.82 lakh MT of fruits have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs. 19.94/Kg.
  • Similarly, 15.86 lakh MT of vegetable have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs. 10.67/ Kg.

FRUITS

Banana

  • Madhya Pradesh is the sixth largest banana producing state and accounts for 5.8% of the total production of the country.
  • State is producing about 1.70 m MT of banana from an area of about 0.03 m. ha. with the productivity of 66.0 t/ha which is the highest among banana producing states in the country.
  • The major banana producing belts in the State are Kukshi, Dhar and Balaghat.
  • Varieties of banana recommended for the state are Dwarf Cavendish, Grand Naine and Red Banana.
  • During 2013-14, 2.23 lakh MT of banana have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs. 10.68/Kg.

Citrus fruits

 

  • Madhya Pradesh is the third largest citrus producing state and accounts for 11.1% of the total production in the country.
  • State is producing 1.24 m MT of citrus from an area of 0.07 m ha. with the productivity of 3 t/ha.
  • Madhya Pradesh is the second leading producer of orange mandarin after Punjab and accounts for 26% of the total production of orange mandarin in the country.
  • State is producing about 0.89 m MT of oranges from an area of about 0.05 m. ha. with the productivity of 17 t/ha.
  • Major orange (Mandarin) producing belts in the state are Jabalpur, Narsinghpur, Hoshangabad, Harda, Bhopal, Sehore, Raisen, Vidisha, Sagar, Damoh, Bhind, Morena, Sheopur, Gwalior, Chattarpur, Datia, Tikamgarh, Panna, Betul, Chhindwara, Shivpuri, Guna, Ratlam, Ujjain, Jhabua, Dhar, Indore, Dewas and Khargone.
  • Recommended varieties of orange mandarin in the State are Nagpur Mandarin and Kinnow.
  • State accounts for 8.0% of total production of lime/lemon in the country.
  • Production of Lime/lemon is concentrated in Balaghat, Rewa, Panna, Seoni, Umaria, Katni, Jabalpur, Narsinghpur, Hoshangabad, Harda, Bhopal, Sehore, Raisenk, Vidisha, Sagar, Damoh, Sheohar, Gwalior, Datia, Tikamgarh, Betul, Chindwara, Shivpuri, Guna, Ratlam, Dhar, Ujjain, Indore, Dewas and Khargone.

 

Guava

  • Madhya Pradesh has emerged as the leader in production of guava overtaking Maharashtra and accounts for 22.9% of the total production of Guava in the country.
  • State produces 0.84 m MT of Guava from an area of 0.02 m ha having productivity of 37.6 MT ha. which is the highest among ghava producing states in the country.
  • Main guava producing belts in the State are Balaghat, Rewa, Satna, Gwalior, Panna, Sepni, Umaria, Katni, Shivpuri, Shoopur, Betul, Chindwara, Guna, Ratlam, Ujjain, Jhabua, Dhar, Indore, Dewas, Khargone and Kukshi.
  • Recommended varieties of guava for the State are Sardar (1-49), Allahabad Safeda, Chhittidar, Lalit, Shweta and Dharedar.

Papaya

  • Madhya Pradesh contributes 7.7% of papaya in the total production in the country.
  • State produces 0.43 m MT of papaya from an area of 0.01 m ha having productivity of 33.0 MT/ha.
  • The production of papaya is concentrated in Balaghat, Jabalpur, Narsinghpur, Hoshangabad, Harda, Bhopal, Sahore, Raisen, Guna, Vidisha, Sagar, Damoh, Bhind, Morena, Kukshi and Dhar.
  • Cultivars of papaya in the state are Coorg, Honey Dew, Pink Flesh Sweet, Pusa Co-2, Sunrise Solo and Taiwan.

VEGETABLES

Brinjal

  • State produces about 8.0% of total brinjal produce of the country with the production of 1.07 m MT from an area of 0.04 m ha having productivity of 25 MT/ha.
  • Production of brinjal concentrated in Jabalpur, Narsinghpur, Damoh, Sagar, Hoshangabad, Chhattarpur, Satna, Videsha, Raisen, Barwani, Rattlam, Bhopal, Garda, Ujjain, Dewas, Rewa and Mandsaur.
  • Varities of brinjal recommended in the State are Pusa-Purple long, Purple Cluster, Ankur, Hybrid-5,6, !! HR, Bengaluru, !!VR, Varanasikashi Sandesh, Kashi Komal, Hissar PH-4, BR-112, Hissar Shymal, GBH-1, Anand Brinjal Small Round and Pant Samarat.
  • During 2013-14, 7212 MT of brinjal have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs. 7.21/ Kg.

 

Cabbage

  • Madhya Pradesh accounts for 7.0% of the total production of cabbage in the country.
  • State produces about 0.58 m MT of cabbage from an area of 0.02 m ha with productivity of 29.4 MT/ha. which is highest among the cabbage producing states in the country.
  • Major cabbage producing belts in the State are Jabalpur, Sagar, Tikamgarh, Rewa, Satna, Vidisha, Rajgarh, Indore, Dhar, Ratlam, Bharwani, Shajapur, Dewas Bhopal and Chhindwara.
  • Cultivars of cabbage are Pusa-Ageti, Drum Head and Golden Acre.

Cauliflower

  • Madhya Pradesh is the fourth largest producer of cauliflower and accounts for 8.0% of the total production of cauliflower in the country.
  • State produces about 0.70 m MT of cauliflower from an area of 0.03 m ha with productivity of 28.1 MT/ha which is the highest among the cauliflower producing States in the country.
  • The production of cauliflower is concentrated in the belts of Betul, Chhindwara, Jabalpur, Sagar, Tikamgarh, Rewa, Satna Vidisha, Rajgarh, Indore, Dhar, Ratlam, Dewas, Bhopal and Shahjapur.
  • Recommended varieties of cauliflower in the State are Pusa-snowball K-t, KT-25, Himjyoti and Hissar-1.

Okra

  • Madhya Pradesh contributes about 5.0% of okra to the total production of okra in the country.
  • State produces about 0.31 m MT of okra from an area of 0.03 m ha with productivity of 11.5 MT/ha.
  • Major okra growing belts in the State are Jabalpur, Sagar, Hoshangabad, Vidisha, Bharwani, Ratlam, Shajapur and Bhopal.
  • Cutivars of Okra in the State are Pusa-Sawani, A-4, Perkins Long Green, Arka Anamika, Varsha Uphar, Hissar-Uphar, Unnat and HBH-142.

Onion

  • State is the second largest onion producing state and accounting for 15.0% of total production of onion in the country. Madhya Pradesh is producing about 2.80 m MT of onion from an area of 0.12 m MT with the productivity of 24.1 t/ha. which is second highest among the onion producing states in the country.
  • The major onion producing belts in the state are Shajapur, Jabalpur, Indore, Khandwa, Ujjain, Reeva, Bhopal, Dhar, Khargone, Mandsaur and Ratlam
  • Recommended varities of onion in the State are Pusa-White Flat, White Round, Madhvi, Ratnar, Agrifound-Dark Red, Light Red, NHRDF-Red, Agrifound White, Maharashtra N-53, Phule-Samarth, Survarna, Safed, Hissar-2, Bhima Red and Bhima, Shakti, Shweta.

SPICES

  • Madhya Pradesh is the sixth largest producer of spices and accounts for 7.7 % of total production of spices in the country.
  • State produces about 0.45 m. MT of spices from an area of 0.30 m ha. with productivity of 1.6 MT/ha. .
  • During 2013-14, 17.75 lakh MT of spices have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs. 42.44/Kg.

 

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