History and Culture of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh History can be traced back to the Prehistoric Period , with the development of Civilization in the Ancient History of Madhya Pradesh. We have Bifurcated the History of Madhya Pradesh into four sections for the systematic study for MPPCS Exam by our students.
Madhya Pradesh History plays a crucial role in not only Madhya Pradesh PSC Prelims Exam but even MPPCS Mains Exam. Madhya Pradesh History Notes are designed by MPPCS Toppers and other civil servants. Detail Notes can be browsed at the following links

Detailed Notes for Madhya Pradesh History

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British Rule in Madhya Pradesh
Workers, Peasant and Tribal Movements in Madhya Pradesh
Former princely states of Madhya Pradesh & Zamindari’s


Faq’s on History and Culture of Madhya Pradesh

Who were the early inhabitants of Madhya Pradesh?

Evidence suggests that Madhya Pradesh was inhabited by prehistoric humans as far back as the Stone Age. Rock paintings and artifacts from this period have been discovered in sites like Bhimbetka.

Which ancient empires ruled over Madhya Pradesh?

Several major empires ruled over different parts of Madhya Pradesh throughout history, including:

  • Mauryan Empire (322-185 BCE)
  • Gupta Empire (320-550 CE)
  • Gurjara-Pratihara Dynasty (7th-11th centuries CE)
  • Paramara Dynasty (9th-14th centuries CE)
  • Mughal Empire (16th-18th centuries CE)
  • Maratha Empire (18th-19th centuries CE)
  • British Raj (19th-20th centuries CE)

What is the historical significance of Sanchi Stupa?

The Sanchi Stupa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the oldest Buddhist monuments in India. It was built by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE and showcases exquisite Buddhist art and architecture.

What are the Khajuraho temples known for?

The Khajuraho temples are a group of Hindu and Jain temples famous for their intricate sculptures and erotic art. Built between the 9th and 11th centuries CE, they are also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

When was Madhya Pradesh formed as a state?

Madhya Pradesh was formed as a state on November 1, 1956, as part of the reorganization of states based on linguistic lines.

What are the main cultural highlights of Madhya Pradesh?

A: Madhya Pradesh’s culture is a vibrant mix of traditions, art forms, festivals, and cuisines. Some highlights include:

  • Festivals: Diwali, Holi, Dussehra, Navratri, Bhagoria, Gwalior Trade Fair
  • Dance: Ghoomar, Rai, Matki, Karma
  • Music: Malwi folk songs, Pandavani, Nimadi songs
  • Art: Gond paintings, Bagh prints, Pithora paintings, Bastar iron craft
  • Cuisine: Poha, Dal Bafla, Biryani, Kebabs, Chakki ki Shaak

What are the traditional attire of Madhya Pradesh?

Traditional attire for men includes Dhoti, Kurta, Safa (turban), and Angarkha. Women wear Saree, Ghaghra-Choli, and Orni (veil).

What are some famous folk arts of Madhya Pradesh?

Madhya Pradesh is known for its diverse folk arts, including:

  • Gond paintings: Colorful and vibrant paintings created by the Gond tribes.
  • Pithora paintings: Ritualistic paintings made by the Rathwa tribe.
  • Bagh prints: Hand block prints with intricate designs.
  • Bastar iron craft: Metal craft using a unique lost wax technique.

What are the main languages spoken in Madhya Pradesh?

Hindi is the official language of Madhya Pradesh. Other widely spoken languages include Malvi, Nimadi, Bundeli, Bagheli, and Gondi.

What are the cultural contributions of Madhya Pradesh to India’s heritage?

Madhya Pradesh has made significant contributions to India’s cultural heritage through its diverse traditions, art forms, historical monuments, and cuisine, enriching the country’s cultural tapestry.