20.03.21 Daily MPPSC Current Affairs

MADHYA PRADESH

 

Mission Gramodaya begins in State now

 

Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has said that after the Nagarodaya Mission, now Mission Gramodaya has been started in the entire state.

 

Overall development of rural areas will be done through this mission. Besides providing housing facilities in rural areas, basic and fundamental infrastructure will also be expanded under the mission.

 

This will bring a smile on the faces of the villagers and usher new happiness in their lives. Chouhan was addressing the state-level programme of Gramodaya Mission in Dhar on Thursday. Union Rural Development and Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar participated virtually in the programme from Assam.

 

Chouhan said that Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana is being effectively implemented in Madhya Pradesh. Houses are being rapidly constructed for the homeless. Construction of 3 lakh houses was completed and given to needy families in the last one year, under the adverse circumstances of the Corona period. It is our effort to ensure that no one should remain homeless till the year 2022, everyone should have a concrete house. He said that the state government is farmer friendly. No effort will be spared for the welfare of the farmers. Facilities including insurance amount, relief amount, Samman Nidhi and other facilities will be provided to the farmers. He said that the last date for depositing outstanding agricultural loans in banks will be extended.

 

Chouhan said that Mission Gramodaya has been started for the overall development of rural areas. Under this, every village will have concrete roads, gram panchayat building, Muktidham and sports grounds in every gram panchayat.

 

Water will be supplied through taps in every house in every village. Arrangements are being made to supply tap water to 26 lakh houses this year.

 

In the next 3 years, arrangement of tap water to 1.02 crore houses will be ensured. Self-help groups in Mission Gramodaya will be empowered financially. They will be given loans at 2 percent interest. Self-help groups are being entrusted with the task of making school uniforms and nutritious food for anganwadis.

 

Chouhan said that Sambal Yojana has been resumed. The benefit of every component of this will be given to every needy family.

 

He said that an advanced school with state-of-the-art facilities will be built in every 20 to 25 km radius in the state. A provision of Rs 1500 crore has been made for this. Free transport facility will also be provided to children of such schools.

INTERNATIONAL

Scientists Have Discovered Artificial Photosynthesis

Artificial Photosynthesis (AP) provides solutions for carbon capture and conversion. Highlights:

Scientists have discovered a way to imitate nature’s own process of reducing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, i.e, photosynthesis, to capture excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

The Artificial Photosynthesis (AP) uses solar energy and converts the captured carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide, which can be used as a fuel for internal combustion engines.

In Artificial Photosynthesis, scientists basically perform the same basic process in natural photosynthesis, but with a simpler nanostructure. However, to successfully implement Artificial Photosynthesis, there are many obstacles to overcome.

A team of scientists from JNCASR designed and manufactured an integrated catalytic system based on a metal organic framework (MOF-808), which includes a photosensitizer (a molecule that absorbs light and transfers electrons from incident light to another molecule nearby). The molecule can use solar energy and catalytic centers, and ultimately reduce carbon dioxide.

The developed catalyst shows excellent visible light-driven reduction of CO2 to CO selectivity, and the selectivity exceeds 99%

Launch of US India Artificial Intelligence

US-India Artificial Intelligence (USIAI) program launched About USIAI:

USIAI is an initiative of IUSSTF.

The Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF) established in accordance with the agreement reached between the Indian and United States governments in 2000 is an autonomous bilateral organization funded by the two governments to promote science, technology, engineering and innovation and aims to achieve substantial interaction between the government and academia and industry.

The nodal organization of GOI is the Department of Science & Technology.

The USIAI plan focuses on AI cooperation in key areas that are prioritized by both countries.

USIAI will become a platform to discuss the opportunities, challenges and obstacles of bilateral AI R&D cooperation, realize AI innovation, help share ideas for the development of AI workforce, and recommend models and mechanisms to promote partnerships.

NATIONAL

Indian Scientists Developed High Electron Mobility Transistors

 

The New technology of High Electron Mobility Transistor will enable India to become self-reliant in power transistor technology. Highlights:

 

Indian scientists have developed highly reliable HEMTs using gallium nitride (GaN).

 

This is the first indigenous HEMT equipment ever that can be used in electric vehicles, locomotives, power transmission and other areas that require high-voltage and high-frequency switching.

 

This will reduce the cost of stable and efficient transistors needed to import power electronics.

This advanced technology is still the first. It uses a chemical substance called a ternary oxide (composed of two different metal ions combined in an oxide matrix or Al, Ti and O), which behaves like a material with a large positive charge concentration (p-type material).

 

Eliminates the inherent reliability and performance problems of industrial technology in the use of electronic mode HEMTs, so that efficient power switching systems can be developed. Scientists come from the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Nanoscience and Engineering Center of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. About HEMTs:

 

The High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT) is a normally-off device that can switch currents up to 4A and work at 600 V.

 

HEMT is used as a digital on-off switch in integrated circuits.

 

HEMT transistors can work at higher frequencies (up to millimeter wave frequencies) than ordinary transistors and are used in high-frequency products such as mobile phones, satellite TV receivers, voltage converters, and radar equipment.

 

Proposal for Vehicle Scrapping Policy

The Minister of Road Transport and Highways issued a Suo Moto Statement in Parliament on the proposal for a ” Vehicle Scrapping Policy “. About Vehicle Scrapping Policy:

 

In order to protect the environment and the safety of drivers and pedestrians, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways is introducing a Voluntary Vehicle-Fleet Modernization Program or “Vehicle Scrapping Policy” to establish an ecosystem that eliminates substandard and polluting vehicles. .

 

The objectives of the policy are:

 

Reduce the number of old and defective vehicles.

Reduce car air pollutants to fulfill India’s climate commitments.

Improve road and vehicle safety.

Improve fuel efficiency.

Formalize the current informal scrapped automobile industry.

Increase the supply of low-cost raw materials in the automotive, steel and electronics industries.

The ecosystem is expected to attract additional investment of approximately Rs. 10,000 Crore and 35,000 job opportunities.

 

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