03.12.19 Madhya Pradesh [MPPSC] Current Affairs

MADHYA PRADESH

 

35th anniversary of Bhopal Gas Tragedy

The 35th anniversary of Bhopal Gas Tragedy is being observed across the country.

It is one of the world’s worst industrial disaster that claimed thousands of lives on the night of December 2, 1984.

The disaster took place in a pesticide production plant, named the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL).

On the night of December 2-3, 1984, water entered the tank no 610 containing 42 tons of Methyl Isocyanate (MIC), resulting in a runaway chemical reaction that vented highly-toxic MIC gas into the atmosphere.

The gas cloud killed 3,787 people in and around Bhopal, according to Madhya Pradesh government’s estimates.

However, other reports suggest the actual death tally to be anywhere between 16,000 and 30,000, and the injury count close to 500,000.

 

INTERNATIONAL

India, Japan hold first ‘two-plus-two’ dialogue

 

India and Japan held their inaugural ‘two-plus-two’ foreign and defence ministerial dialogue with an aim to give further momentum to their special strategic partnership, particularly in the maritime domain.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar led the Indian delegation while the Japanese side was headed by Foreign Minister Toshi-mitsu Motegi and Minister of Defence Taro Kono.

The talks under the new framework are taking place following a decision taken by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe during the 13th India-Japan annual summit last year.

The 2+2 dialogue reflects the synergy between India’s Act East Policy and Japan’s vision for free, open Indo-Pacific vision.

 

Indo Sri Lanka joint exercise MITRA SHAKTI commences

 

The 17th edition of exercise MITRA SHAKTI aimed at enhancing interoperability and operational efficiency amongst the armies of India and Sri Lanka commenced at Aundh Military Station, Pune.

The objective of the exercise is to build and promote positive relations between armies of both countries through a focus on sub-unit-level training on counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations in the urban and rural environment.

The joint training exercise also signifies the strength of India-Sri Lanka relations in the field of military cooperation and engagement.

The exercise is designed for incorporating the current dynamics of United Nations peacekeeping operations through practical and comprehensive discussions and tactical exercises.

UNEP gas emissions reports say achieving 1.5 deg C is almost impossible

UN Environment Programme (UNEP) released the 2019 Emissions Gap Report. The reported stated that even if the current climate commitments are met, the world is on course to exceed 3°C in global temperature rise. The report assesses the emissions gap. The report focuses on energy transition. The report was released in the UN Climate Change Conference (COP-25).

The report said that in order to limit temperature rise, annual emissions in 2030 should be maintained at 15 gigatonnes of CO2 equivalent lower than current unconditional Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) imply for the 2°C goal.

It stated that Green House Gas (GHG) emissions continue to rise, despite scientific warnings and political commitments.

13th South Asian Games formally begins in Kathmandu

 

13th South Asian Games have formally begun in Kathmandu, Nepal.

President of Nepal Bidya Devi Bhandari declared games open in a glittering ceremony at Dasaratha Rangshala in Kathmandu this evening.

Over 2700 athletes from seven South Asian Countries participated in the march past.

A cultural presentation showcasing the rich traditional heritage of Nepal was also made.

During 10 days biggest sporting event of South Asia, 2715 athletes compete for 1119 medals including 319 Gold in 26 game categories.

India is represented by 487 athletes.

 

NATIONAL

National Pollution Control Day was observed on 2 December

The National Pollution Control Day is observed on 2 December. It is celebrated every year. The day is observed in order to honor the lives that were lost because of the Bhopal gas calamity. On this day, the Pollution Control Department will organize several programs in this regard in the education institutions.

 

The day aims to spread awareness among the people about pollution and its control measures. The day also creates awareness about the problem caused by increasing pollution.

 

The Bhopal gas tragedy happened on the night of 2nd and 3rd December of 1984. The tragedy occurred because of the unintentional discharge of the poisonous Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) and some other chemicals released from the Union Carbide Chemical Plant in Bhopal.

The Madhya Pradesh State government reported that  8,000 to 10,000 people died in that accident and 25,000 people died later due to the gas-related diseases. The Bhopal gas tragedy was identified as the biggest industrial pollution disaster in world history.

 

New Delhi to host 2020 National Sikh Games

 

New Delhi is to host the National Sikh Games (NSG) 2020. The game will be held from 9-11 January 2020 across various venues in New Delhi. NSG is a modelled replica of Australian Sikh Games. The announcement was made by Manjinder Singh Sirsa, President Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Committee. NSG is dedicated to the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev.

 

NSG aims to bring sports to the heart of the Sikh community and tap in a unique sporting talents of Sikh Youths. The game aims to tackle the problem of obesity, drug menace among Sikh children through sports and physical activities.

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